Why Are Blue Eyes Not Acceptable in APBT Pitbulls?



The American Pit Bull Terrier (APBT) is a popular breed of dog known for its strength, loyalty, and agility. However, when it comes to physical characteristics, there are certain traits that are not accepted within the breed standard. One such trait is blue eyes. In this article, we will explore the reasons why blue eyes are not considered desirable in APBT Pitbulls. We will delve into genetic factors, breed standards, health concerns, and the impact on the overall appearance of the breed.

Genetic Factors

Blue eyes in dogs are caused by a lack of pigmentation in the iris. This lack of pigmentation is due to a genetic mutation that affects the production of melanin, the pigment responsible for the color of the eyes. While blue eyes can be found in many dog breeds, it is considered a fault in APBT Pitbulls because it deviates from the breed’s genetic heritage.

Breed Standards

The breed standards set by kennel clubs and breed associations play a significant role in determining the desirable traits for a breed. These standards act as guidelines for breeders and judges in dog shows. The breed standard for APBT Pitbulls typically specifies that the eyes should be round, medium-sized, and dark in color. Blue eyes are not consistent with this standard and are therefore not accepted in the show ring.

Health Concerns

While blue eyes themselves are not inherently unhealthy, they can be associated with certain genetic disorders and health issues. Dogs with blue eyes, especially those with a merle coat pattern, may be more prone to vision problems such as cataracts, glaucoma, and iris atrophy. Breeders aim to avoid these potential health issues by breeding dogs with pigmented eyes, reducing the risk of passing on such disorders to future generations.

Impact on Appearance

The appearance of a dog, including its eye color, contributes to its overall breed identity and aesthetic appeal. APBT Pitbulls are known for their intense, focused gaze, which is often accentuated by their dark-colored eyes. Blue eyes can give a softer, less intimidating look, which may not align with the breed’s desired appearance. Breeders and enthusiasts value the traditional look and characteristics of APBT Pitbulls, and blue eyes can be seen as a departure from that.


In conclusion, blue eyes are not considered acceptable in APBT Pitbulls due to genetic factors, breed standards, potential health concerns, and the impact on the breed’s appearance. While blue eyes may be visually striking in other dog breeds, they are considered a fault in APBT Pitbulls and are not desirable within the breed. Breeders focus on maintaining the breed’s genetic heritage, health, and overall appearance, which is why blue eyes are not accepted.

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