Where is Iceland Located?


Iceland is a Nordic island country located in the North Atlantic Ocean. It is situated at the juncture of the North Atlantic and Arctic Oceans, just east of Greenland and immediately south of the Arctic Circle. Let’s explore the location of Iceland in more detail.

Geographical Coordinates

The geographical coordinates of Iceland are approximately 64.9631° N latitude and 19.0208° W longitude. These coordinates place Iceland in the Northern Hemisphere.

Position in Europe

While Iceland is geographically closer to Greenland and North America, it is considered a part of Europe. It is located about 970 kilometers (600 miles) west of Norway, and around 1,700 kilometers (1,050 miles) northwest of the United Kingdom. Iceland is the westernmost country in Europe, making it a unique and isolated destination.

Surrounding Countries and Regions

Iceland is an island nation, and as such, it does not share land borders with any other country. However, it is in proximity to several countries and regions:

  • Greenland: Iceland is located to the east of Greenland, separated by the Denmark Strait.
  • Norway: Iceland is located west of Norway, across the Norwegian Sea.
  • Faroe Islands: Situated approximately halfway between Iceland and Norway, the Faroe Islands are an autonomous territory of Denmark.
  • United Kingdom: Iceland is located northwest of the United Kingdom, across the North Atlantic Ocean.

Island Characteristics

Iceland is known for its stunning landscapes and unique geographical features. Here are some key characteristics of the island:

Size and Area

Iceland has a total land area of approximately 103,000 square kilometers (39,769 square miles), making it the 18th largest island in the world. It stretches about 486 kilometers (302 miles) from east to west and 296 kilometers (184 miles) from north to south.

Volcanoes and Geothermal Activity

Iceland is a land of volcanoes and geothermal activity. It sits on the Mid-Atlantic Ridge, where the Eurasian and North American tectonic plates meet. Due to this geological activity, Iceland is home to numerous volcanoes, hot springs, geysers, and lava fields.

Glaciers and Ice Caps

About 11% of Iceland’s land area is covered by glaciers and ice caps. These icy formations, including Vatnajökull, Langjökull, and Snæfellsjökull, contribute to the country’s breathtaking landscapes and provide opportunities for activities like glacier hiking and ice climbing.

Rivers and Waterfalls

Iceland is crisscrossed by numerous rivers, many of which originate from its glaciers. The country is also famous for its magnificent waterfalls, such as Gullfoss, Seljalandsfoss, and Skógafoss, which attract tourists from around the world.

Frequently Asked Questions about Iceland’s Location

1. Is Iceland part of Scandinavia?

No, Iceland is not technically part of Scandinavia. While it is geographically located in the Nordic region, along with Denmark, Norway, Sweden, and Finland, Iceland is not part of the Scandinavian Peninsula. It is an island situated in the North Atlantic Ocean.

2. How far is Iceland from Greenland?

Iceland is located approximately 290 kilometers (180 miles) east of Greenland. The Denmark Strait separates the two landmasses.

3. Is Iceland close to the Arctic Circle?

Yes, Iceland is close to the Arctic Circle. The northernmost parts of Iceland, including Grimsey Island, cross the Arctic Circle. The rest of the country, however, lies just south of the Arctic Circle.

4. How long does it take to fly to Iceland from Europe?

The duration of a flight from Europe to Iceland varies depending on the departure city and airline. On average, a direct flight from major European cities like London, Paris, or Berlin takes around 3 to 4 hours.

5. Can you see the Northern Lights in Iceland?

Yes, Iceland is an excellent destination for witnessing the Northern Lights, also known as the Aurora Borealis. Its high latitude, dark winter nights, and relatively low light pollution make it an ideal place to experience this natural phenomenon.

6. Does Iceland have any neighboring islands?

Yes, Iceland has several neighboring islands, including the Westman Islands (Vestmannaeyjar), Flatey, Grímsey, and the Vestmannaeyjar archipelago. These islands offer unique landscapes and attractions for visitors to explore.


Iceland’s location in the North Atlantic Ocean, between Greenland and the United Kingdom, makes it a distinctive and captivating destination. Its geographical characteristics, including volcanoes, glaciers, and waterfalls, contribute to its natural beauty and appeal. Whether you’re interested in exploring the unique landscapes, witnessing the Northern Lights, or immersing yourself in Icelandic culture, this island nation offers a truly unforgettable experience.

Rate article
Add a comment