Where does Ded Moroz live on the map?


Ded Moroz, also known as Grandfather Frost, is a beloved character in Russian folklore associated with winter and New Year celebrations. According to tradition, he brings gifts to children on New Year’s Eve. While Ded Moroz is a fictional character, his mythical home is said to be located in the Russian city of Veliky Ustyug.

Ded Moroz: The Russian Santa Claus

Ded Moroz is often referred to as the Russian Santa Claus due to his similarities with the iconic figure. However, there are some distinct differences between them. While Santa Claus is associated with Christmas, Ded Moroz is primarily connected to the New Year festivities in Russia.

Unlike Santa Claus, who is commonly depicted as residing in the North Pole, Ded Moroz is believed to live in Veliky Ustyug, a small town in the Vologda Oblast region of Russia. This picturesque town, nestled along the Northern Dvina River, is recognized as the official residence of Ded Moroz.

The Mythical Home of Ded Moroz: Veliky Ustyug

Veliky Ustyug holds a special place in Russian folklore and history. The town’s association with Ded Moroz dates back to the 17th century, making it one of the oldest and most authentic centers of New Year celebrations in Russia.

1. Location and Climate:

Veliky Ustyug is situated in the northern part of Russia, approximately 450 kilometers northeast of Moscow. It experiences a subarctic climate, characterized by long, cold winters and short, cool summers. The town’s snowy landscapes and frosty atmosphere contribute to the magical ambiance associated with Ded Moroz.

2. History and Culture:

Veliky Ustyug has a rich historical and cultural heritage. It was founded in the 12th century and served as an important trade center during the medieval period. The town’s architectural ensemble, including numerous wooden houses and churches, reflects its ancient past.

3. Ded Moroz’s Residence:

In Veliky Ustyug, you can find Ded Moroz’s residence, also known as the Terem (Russian for “palace”). This unique wooden structure is a popular tourist attraction and a symbol of the town’s connection to Ded Moroz. Visitors can explore the Terem and learn more about the traditions and legends associated with the mythical character.

Visiting Ded Moroz’s Residence

For those who wish to experience the enchantment of Ded Moroz’s home, a visit to Veliky Ustyug can be a remarkable adventure. Here are some key details:

1. Traveling to Veliky Ustyug:

Veliky Ustyug is accessible by various means of transportation:

  • By Air: The nearest airport is Vologda Airport, located approximately 220 kilometers from Veliky Ustyug. From there, you can take a bus or a taxi to reach the town.
  • By Train: Veliky Ustyug has a railway station, which is connected to major Russian cities. Trains provide a convenient and scenic way to reach the town.
  • By Road: There are several highways that connect Veliky Ustyug to other regions of Russia. You can drive or take a bus to reach the town.

2. Exploring Ded Moroz’s Terem:

Once you arrive in Veliky Ustyug, a visit to Ded Moroz’s Terem is a must. The Terem is open to the public and offers a glimpse into the magical world of Ded Moroz. Inside, you can find various exhibits, including traditional costumes, handcrafted toys, and historical artifacts.

3. New Year’s Eve Festivities:

Veliky Ustyug is particularly vibrant during the New Year’s Eve celebrations. The town organizes a grand festival, attracting visitors from all over Russia and beyond. The festivities include parades, concerts, theatrical performances, and, of course, the arrival of Ded Moroz himself.

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)

1. Is Ded Moroz a real person?

No, Ded Moroz is a fictional character from Russian folklore.

2. Why is Veliky Ustyug considered Ded Moroz’s home?

Veliky Ustyug has a long-standing tradition and association with Ded Moroz, dating back to the 17th century.

3. Can I visit Ded Moroz’s Terem throughout the year?

Yes, Ded Moroz’s Terem is open to visitors throughout the year, allowing them to immerse themselves in the magical world of Ded Moroz.

4. How can I reach Veliky Ustyug?

Veliky Ustyug can be reached by air, train, or road. The nearest airport is Vologda Airport, and the town has a railway station.

5. What are some other attractions in Veliky Ustyug?

Aside from Ded Moroz’s Terem, Veliky Ustyug boasts other historical and cultural attractions, such as the Museum of Wooden Architecture and the Cathedral of the Nativity of the Virgin.

6. Is Ded Moroz only associated with New Year celebrations?

Yes, Ded Moroz is primarily associated with New Year festivities in Russia.

7. Are there any traditions or customs associated with Ded Moroz’s visit?

Yes, children in Russia often write letters to Ded Moroz, expressing their wishes and good behavior throughout the year.

8. Can I meet Ded Moroz in person?

During the New Year’s Eve celebrations in Veliky Ustyug, visitors have the opportunity to meet Ded Moroz and interact with him.

9. What is the significance of Ded Moroz in Russian culture?

Ded Moroz is an important symbol of winter and New Year celebrations in Russian culture, representing joy, generosity, and the magic of the holiday season.

10. Are there any legends or stories about Ded Moroz?

Yes, there are various legends and stories surrounding Ded Moroz, highlighting his adventures and his role in bringing happiness to children.


Veliky Ustyug, with its historical charm and connection to Ded Moroz, remains a fascinating destination for those seeking to explore the mythical home of this beloved character. Whether visiting the Terem or participating in the New Year’s Eve festivities, the enchantment of Ded Moroz’s world is sure to leave lasting memories.

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