What is the name of a female cheetah?


The name of a female cheetah is commonly referred to as a “cheetahess” or simply a “female cheetah.” However, the scientific term used to describe a female cheetah is “cheetah female” or “Acinonyx jubatus female” using the species’ scientific name. In this article, we will explore various aspects related to female cheetahs, including their characteristics, behavior, reproduction, and conservation efforts.

Characteristics of Female Cheetahs

Female cheetahs share many physical characteristics with their male counterparts. They typically have a slender body, long legs, a small head with distinctive black “tear marks” running from their eyes to the sides of their mouth, and a flexible spine that allows for incredible speed and agility. Female cheetahs also possess sharp, non-retractable claws and a long tail that aids in balance and steering while running.

One notable difference between male and female cheetahs is their size. Females are generally smaller and lighter than males, with an average weight ranging from 77 to 140 pounds (35 to 64 kilograms). Their body length, excluding the tail, typically measures between 3.8 to 4.7 feet (1.15 to 1.45 meters).

Behavior and Social Structure

Female cheetahs are primarily solitary animals, unlike other big cat species such as lions or tigers that form social groups. They establish and defend territories that can range from 20 to 150 square miles (50 to 400 square kilometers). Female cheetahs are not as territorial as males and their territories can overlap.

These territorial boundaries are marked by scent markings, such as urine and feces, as well as scratch marks on trees or bushes. Female cheetahs use these markings to communicate with other cheetahs and to attract potential mates.

While female cheetahs are usually solitary, they do exhibit some social behavior during mating and when raising their cubs. They come together with males only during the breeding season, and after mating, the males play no role in raising the cubs.

Female cheetahs are excellent mothers and typically give birth to a litter of two to six cubs after a gestation period of around 90 to 95 days. They provide constant care and protection to their cubs until they reach independence at around 18 to 24 months of age.

Reproduction and Mating Habits

The reproductive cycle of female cheetahs is influenced by environmental factors such as the availability of prey and the overall condition of their habitat. They are known to have induced ovulation, which means that the release of eggs occurs only after mating.

When a female cheetah is in estrus, which is the period when she is fertile, she emits a series of vocalizations and leaves scent markings to attract potential mates. Multiple males are often attracted to a female in estrus, resulting in intense competition between them.

Once a male cheetah establishes dominance, mating takes place, and the female may mate with multiple males during her estrus period. The mating process itself is relatively quick, lasting only a few seconds to a minute.

Conservation Efforts

The cheetah population worldwide has been declining due to various factors such as habitat loss, human-wildlife conflict, illegal wildlife trade, and poaching. The conservation of female cheetahs is crucial for the long-term survival of the species.

Several organizations and conservation initiatives are working towards protecting cheetahs and their habitats. Efforts include establishing protected areas, implementing anti-poaching measures, promoting community engagement, and conducting scientific research to better understand the species’ needs and behavior.

Collaborative conservation projects also focus on raising awareness about the importance of cheetah conservation and supporting local communities living in close proximity to cheetah habitats. These initiatives aim to minimize conflicts between humans and cheetahs while promoting sustainable coexistence.

FAQs about Female Cheetahs

1. Are female cheetahs faster than males?

Both male and female cheetahs have similar running speeds, capable of reaching speeds up to 60 to 70 miles per hour (97 to 113 kilometers per hour). There is no significant difference in speed between the sexes.

2. How long do female cheetahs live?

The average lifespan of a female cheetah in the wild is around 10 to 12 years. However, in captivity, where they are protected from various threats and receive proper care, female cheetahs can live up to 17 years or more.

3. Do female cheetahs hunt alone?

Female cheetahs are solitary hunters and typically hunt alone. They rely on their exceptional speed and agility to pursue and capture prey, mainly small to medium-sized ungulates such as gazelles and impalas.

4. Can female cheetahs reproduce with different males?

Yes, female cheetahs can mate with multiple males during their estrus period. This behavior increases genetic diversity within the population and provides more opportunities for successful reproduction.

5. Are female cheetahs endangered?

Cheetahs, including female cheetahs, are listed as vulnerable on the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) Red List. Their population has declined significantly in recent years, mainly due to habitat loss and fragmentation.

6. How many cubs can a female cheetah have?

A female cheetah can give birth to a litter of two to six cubs. The average litter size is three to four cubs. The cubs are born blind and helpless and rely entirely on their mother for care and protection.


In conclusion, the female cheetah, also known as a “cheetahess,” plays a vital role in the survival of the cheetah species. They possess unique characteristics, exhibit solitary behavior, and are responsible for raising and nurturing the next generation of cheetahs. Protecting female cheetahs and their habitats is essential for the long-term conservation of this magnificent big cat species. Through collaborative conservation efforts, we can ensure a future where female cheetahs continue to thrive in the wild.

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