What is Ireland’s national animal?


Ireland, known for its rich cultural heritage and breathtaking landscapes, has a national animal that represents its deep connection with nature and wildlife. The national animal of Ireland is the Irish hare.

1. The significance of national animals

National animals hold great importance in representing a country’s identity and heritage. They often symbolize the country’s values, history, and natural resources. In the case of Ireland, the Irish hare embodies the country’s wildlife diversity and its commitment to environmental conservation.

2. The Irish hare: A unique species

The Irish hare, scientifically known as Lepus timidus hibernicus, is a subspecies of the mountain hare. It is native to Ireland and can be found across the island. The Irish hare is distinct from its European counterparts due to its larger size and unique genetic traits.

2.1 Appearance and physical characteristics

The Irish hare has a slender body covered in dense fur, which allows it to adapt to the harsh Irish climate. It has long ears and powerful hind legs, enabling it to run at high speeds and change direction quickly. Adult hares typically measure around 50-65 cm in length and weigh between 3-5 kg.

2.2 Habitat and distribution

The Irish hare is primarily found in open grasslands, wetlands, and upland areas. It prefers habitats with a mixture of grasses, heather, and scrub vegetation. The species is distributed throughout Ireland, with populations concentrated in areas such as the Burren in County Clare, the Inishowen Peninsula in County Donegal, and the Aran Islands.

2.3 Behaviour and adaptation

The Irish hare is predominantly nocturnal, meaning it is most active during the night. It is a solitary animal, although during the breeding season, males engage in territorial fights to win over females. The hares are known for their impressive leaping ability, which helps them navigate their habitat and escape predators.

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3. Cultural significance of the Irish hare

The Irish hare holds a special place in Irish folklore and cultural traditions. It is often associated with luck, agility, and a connection to the land. The hare has been featured in numerous Irish myths and legends, further solidifying its cultural significance.

3.1 The Witches’ Hare

In Irish mythology, hares are believed to be shape-shifting creatures associated with witches. It was believed that witches could transform into hares to spy on people or escape from danger. This belief has contributed to the mystical aura surrounding hares in Irish folklore.

3.2 Hare in Irish art and literature

The Irish hare has been a popular subject in Irish art and literature. It is often depicted in paintings, sculptures, and traditional crafts, showcasing its cultural significance. In literature, hares have been featured in poems, stories, and songs, highlighting their role in Irish identity and heritage.

4. Conservation efforts and protection

Recognizing the importance of preserving the Irish hare population, efforts have been made to protect and conserve the species.

The Irish hare is legally protected under the Irish Wildlife Act of 1976. This act prohibits the hunting, capturing, or killing of hares without a license. It is considered an offense to disturb their natural habitats or engage in any activity that may harm the population.

4.2 Conservation organizations

Several organizations in Ireland are dedicated to the conservation of the Irish hare. These organizations work towards raising awareness, conducting research, and implementing conservation strategies to ensure the long-term survival of the species.

4.3 Habitat preservation

Preserving the natural habitats of the Irish hare is crucial for their survival. Conservation efforts focus on maintaining and restoring grasslands, wetlands, and upland areas that serve as essential habitats for the species.

5. FAQs

5.1 What is the lifespan of an Irish hare?

An Irish hare typically lives for about 4-6 years in the wild.

5.2 What do Irish hares eat?

Irish hares are herbivores and primarily feed on grasses, herbs, and other vegetation available in their habitat.

5.3 Are Irish hares endangered?

Currently, the Irish hare is not considered an endangered species. However, habitat loss and human activities pose threats to their population, requiring active conservation measures.

5.4 Do Irish hares have any predators?

Irish hares have several natural predators, including foxes, stoats, and birds of prey such as buzzards and eagles.

5.5 Can Irish hares swim?

Irish hares are not known for their swimming abilities. They are terrestrial animals and prefer to inhabit grasslands and upland areas.

5.6 Can Irish hares be kept as pets?

Irish hares are wild animals and are protected by law, making it illegal to keep them as pets. It is important to respect their natural habitat and allow them to thrive in the wild.


The Irish hare, Ireland’s national animal, represents the country’s rich biodiversity and cultural heritage. Its presence in Irish mythology, art, and literature highlights its significance in Irish identity. Through conservation efforts and legal protection, Ireland aims to preserve the population of Irish hares and maintain the balance of its natural ecosystems.

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