What do they eat in Ghana?


Ghana, located on the west coast of Africa, is a country known for its rich cultural heritage and diverse cuisine. Ghanaian cuisine is influenced by various ethnic groups and regions within the country, resulting in a wide array of flavors, ingredients, and traditional dishes. In this article, we will explore the delicious and unique food culture of Ghana.

The Staple Food

Ghanaian cuisine revolves around a staple food, which is typically served with various soups, stews, or sauces. The most common staple food in Ghana is fufu. Fufu is made by pounding boiled cassava, plantains, or yams until they form a smooth and dough-like consistency. It is often served alongside soups such as palm nut soup or groundnut soup.

Fufu Varieties

There are different variations of fufu across Ghana. In the northern regions, banku is a popular alternative to fufu. Banku is made from fermented corn and cassava dough. Another variation is kokonte, which is prepared from dried and ground cassava.

Soups and Stews

Ghanaian cuisine is famous for its flavorful soups and stews. These dishes are often made with a combination of vegetables, seafood, meat, and spices. Let’s explore some of the popular soups and stews in Ghana:

Palm Nut Soup

Palm nut soup, also known as abɛnkwan, is a traditional Ghanaian soup made from palm fruit. The palm fruit is boiled, then pounded to extract the rich juice. The juice is cooked with various ingredients such as meat, fish, vegetables, and spices. Palm nut soup is usually served with fufu or rice.

Groundnut Soup

Groundnut soup, locally known as nkate nkwan, is a popular Ghanaian soup made from groundnuts (peanuts). The groundnuts are roasted, then ground into a paste, which is cooked with meat, fish, vegetables, and spices. Groundnut soup is often served with fufu or rice.

Light Soup

Light soup is a spicy and flavorful soup made with various meats such as chicken, goat, or fish. It is called “light” because it is not thick like other Ghanaian soups. Light soup is usually served with boiled yam, plantains, or rice.

Delicious Ghanaian Dishes

Besides soups and stews, Ghanaian cuisine offers a variety of delicious dishes that showcase the country’s culinary diversity. Here are some notable Ghanaian dishes:

Jollof Rice

Jollof rice is a popular West African dish, and Ghana has its own version. The Ghanaian jollof rice is cooked with a flavorful tomato and onion sauce, along with spices and various vegetables. It is often served with fried plantains and grilled or fried chicken.


Waakye is a Ghanaian one-pot dish made with rice and beans. The rice and beans are cooked together with sorghum leaves, giving the dish a unique flavor and color. Waakye is typically served with a spicy tomato sauce, fried plantains, and a variety of protein options such as meat, fish, or eggs.


Kelewele is a popular street food in Ghana. It consists of ripe plantains that are seasoned with a blend of spices, including ginger, cloves, and chili powder. The plantains are then deep-fried until they are golden and crispy. Kelewele is often enjoyed as a snack or side dish.

Traditional Beverages

Ghana has a rich tradition of beverages that are deeply rooted in its culture. Let’s explore some of the traditional beverages enjoyed in Ghana:

Palm Wine

Palm wine is a popular traditional drink in Ghana. It is extracted from the sap of palm trees and left to ferment naturally. Palm wine has a sweet and sour taste and is often consumed fresh. It is also used in cooking various dishes and can be further distilled to produce a local spirit known as “akpeteshie.”


Sobolo, also known as hibiscus tea or bissap, is a refreshing beverage made from dried hibiscus petals. The petals are boiled with ginger, cloves, and other spices to create a flavorful and vibrant drink. Sobolo is often served chilled and sweetened with sugar or honey.


Pito is a traditional Ghanaian beer made from fermented millet or sorghum. It has a slightly sour taste and a low alcohol content. Pito is commonly consumed in the northern regions of Ghana and is often served in calabash gourds.

The Influence of Street Food

Street food plays a significant role in Ghanaian food culture. The bustling streets of Ghana are filled with vendors selling a variety of delicious and affordable snacks. Some popular street foods in Ghana include:

Grilled Meat (Suya)

Suya is a popular street food in Ghana made from skewered and grilled meat, typically beef or chicken. The meat is coated with a spicy peanut marinade and then grilled over an open flame. Suya is often served with sliced onions, tomatoes, and spicy pepper sauce.

Fried Yam and Plantain

Fried yam and plantain are commonly enjoyed as street food snacks in Ghana. The yam and plantain are sliced and deep-fried until they are crispy and golden. They are often served with a spicy pepper sauce or groundnut paste.


Kenkey is a fermented corn dough that is wrapped in banana leaves and steamed. It is a popular street food in Ghana and is often served with fried fish, pepper sauce, and fresh tomatoes.

In Conclusion

Ghanaian cuisine is a delightful fusion of flavors, spices, and cultural influences. From the staple fufu to the flavorful soups, stews, and delicious street food, Ghana offers a culinary experience that is sure to satisfy any food lover. Whether you are exploring traditional dishes or enjoying the vibrant street food scene, Ghanaian cuisine is a journey of taste and culture.

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