What Color Vestments do Priests Wear During Advent and Lent?


Advent and Lent are two important seasons in the Christian liturgical calendar that precede the celebrations of Christmas and Easter, respectively. During these seasons, priests wear specific colors of vestments to symbolize the spiritual significance of these periods. In this article, we will explore the colors of vestments worn by priests during Advent and Lent, as well as their symbolism and significance.

1. The Season of Advent

Advent is a four-week period that begins on the Sunday closest to November 30th and ends on Christmas Eve. It is a time of preparation and anticipation for the birth of Jesus Christ. The color of the vestments worn during Advent is purple.

1.1 Symbolism of Purple Vestments

Purple is traditionally associated with penance, preparation, and royalty. In the context of Advent, it represents the penitential aspect of the season, as well as the anticipation of the arrival of the King of Kings, Jesus Christ. The color purple also symbolizes solemnity and introspection, encouraging believers to reflect on their own spiritual journey and prepare their hearts for the coming of Christ.

1.2 Variations in Purple Vestments

Although purple is the predominant color for Advent vestments, there are variations within the purple spectrum. Some priests may wear a deep shade of purple, known as “Roman purple,” while others may opt for a lighter shade, often referred to as “rose” or “pink.” The rose-colored vestments are worn on the third Sunday of Advent, also known as Gaudete Sunday, which signifies a shift from a more somber tone to a sense of joyful anticipation.

2. The Season of Lent

Lent is a period of forty days (excluding Sundays) that begins on Ash Wednesday and concludes on Holy Saturday, the day before Easter Sunday. It is a time of repentance, reflection, and preparation for the celebration of the resurrection of Jesus Christ. The color of the vestments worn during Lent is also purple.

2.1 Symbolism of Purple Vestments

Similar to Advent, the color purple in Lent represents penance, preparation, and introspection. It serves as a visual reminder of the need for repentance and the invitation to turn away from sin. The purple vestments worn during Lent encourage believers to engage in self-examination, prayer, fasting, and acts of charity as they seek to grow closer to God and prepare their hearts for the joy of Easter.

2.2 Variations in Purple Vestments

Just like in Advent, there are variations in the shades of purple used for Lenten vestments. Some churches may opt for a deeper shade of purple, while others may use a lighter shade. The specific shade of purple used can vary based on local traditions and customs.

What color does the priest wear during Lent?

Priest and Deacon Vestments Explained

3. Exceptions to the Purple Vestments

While purple is the traditional color for Advent and Lent, there are exceptions to this practice. In some cases, particularly in certain Eastern Orthodox and Eastern Catholic churches, the color blue may be used instead of purple during Advent. Blue is seen as a symbol of the sky and the anticipation of the coming of Christ, emphasizing hope and the promise of salvation.

Additionally, on the fourth Sunday of Lent, known as Laetare Sunday, priests may wear rose-colored vestments instead of purple. This Sunday is a mid-point in Lent and is marked by a sense of rejoicing and encouragement to persevere in the penitential journey.

4. Conclusion

In conclusion, the colors of the vestments worn by priests during Advent and Lent hold significant symbolism and meaning. The purple vestments used during these seasons represent penance, preparation, and introspection, inviting believers to reflect on their spiritual journey and prepare their hearts for the joyous celebrations of Christmas and Easter. While variations in shades of purple exist, the overall message remains the same. Exceptions to the use of purple may include the use of blue in certain Eastern churches during Advent and the rose-colored vestments on Laetare Sunday during Lent. Through these specific colors, the liturgical calendar visually guides and inspires believers during these sacred seasons.

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