Types of Hounds: A Comprehensive Guide


When it comes to hunting and tracking, hound dogs are among the most skilled and versatile breeds. These intelligent and scent-driven canines have been bred for centuries to excel in various hunting tasks. From tracking small game to trailing larger animals, hounds have a natural instinct and exceptional olfactory abilities that set them apart from other breeds.

In this article, we will explore the different types of hounds, their distinct characteristics, and the roles they play in hunting and companionship. Whether you are a dog enthusiast, a potential hound owner, or simply curious about these remarkable canines, read on to discover the fascinating world of hound breeds.

1. Sighthounds

Sighthounds, also known as gazehounds, are a group of hound breeds that primarily rely on their exceptional vision and speed to track and capture prey. These dogs have an innate ability to spot movement from a distance, making them perfect for hunting game in open spaces.

Some popular sighthound breeds include:

  • Greyhound: Known as the fastest dog breed, the Greyhound can reach speeds of up to 45 miles per hour. With their slender bodies and long legs, they are built for speed and excel in lure coursing.
  • Whippet: Similar in appearance to the Greyhound but smaller in size, the Whippet is also a top contender in the world of racing. They are gentle and affectionate companions, making them a popular choice for families.
  • Saluki: Originating from the Middle East, the Saluki is one of the oldest known dog breeds. They possess grace, agility, and incredible endurance, making them ideal for hunting gazelles and other swift prey.

2. Scenthounds

Scenthounds, also referred to as scent dogs, are breeds that rely heavily on their sense of smell to track and locate game. These dogs have an exceptional ability to pick up and follow scent trails, allowing them to work effectively in dense terrain and challenging environments.

Some well-known scenthound breeds include:

  • Bloodhound: Renowned for their incredible tracking abilities, Bloodhounds have a keen sense of smell and can follow a scent trail for miles. They are often used in search and rescue missions, as well as criminal investigations.
  • Beagle: Beagles are small to medium-sized scenthounds that excel in tracking rabbits and other small game. They have a friendly and outgoing personality, which makes them popular family pets.
  • Basset Hound: Recognizable by their long ears and droopy eyes, Basset Hounds are low to the ground and have an excellent sense of smell. They are often used in hunting small game and are known for their friendly and laid-back nature.

3. Coonhounds

Coonhounds are a specific group of scenthound breeds that have been bred for tracking and treeing raccoons. These dogs possess exceptional scenting abilities and are known for their endurance and agility in pursuing raccoons through various terrains.

Some popular coonhound breeds include:

  • Treeing Walker Coonhound: Known for their strong treeing instinct, Treeing Walker Coonhounds are quick and agile trackers. They excel in trailing game, particularly raccoons, and are highly energetic dogs.
  • Black and Tan Coonhound: Recognized for their distinctive black and tan coat, these coonhounds are renowned for their trailing and treeing abilities. They are also known for their friendly and sociable nature.
  • Redbone Coonhound: Characterized by their striking red coat, Redbone Coonhounds are skilled trackers and treeing dogs. They possess a strong scenting ability and are known for their determination and loyalty.

4. Terriers

While terriers are often associated with their role as vermin hunters, some breeds within this group have hound-like qualities and are used for hunting purposes. These terrier breeds possess a combination of tenacity, agility, and keen senses.

Some notable terrier breeds with hound-like characteristics include:

  • Jagdterrier: Originally bred in Germany, Jagdterriers are versatile hunting dogs that excel in tracking, retrieving, and dispatching game. They have a strong prey drive and are highly trainable.
  • Fell Terrier: Hailing from the border region between England and Scotland, Fell Terriers are hardy and versatile dogs. They are skilled at hunting foxes and have a strong sense of smell.
  • Rat Terrier: Rat Terriers are small to medium-sized terriers known for their agility and versatility. They are adept at hunting small game and excel in activities such as barn hunting and lure coursing.

5. Lurchers

Lurchers are a type of dog resulting from the crossbreeding of a sighthound with another breed, often a working or terrier type. These hybrids are typically bred for hunting purposes and possess a combination of speed, endurance, and scenting abilities.

Some popular lurcher combinations include:

  • Greyhound x Border Collie: This crossbreed combines the speed and elegance of a Greyhound with the intelligence and herding instincts of a Border Collie. They are often used for hunting small game and are highly trainable.
  • Greyhound x Staffordshire Bull Terrier: This crossbreed combines the speed of a Greyhound with the strength and tenacity of a Staffordshire Bull Terrier. They are versatile hunting dogs and often used for coursing and tracking.
  • Greyhound x Whippet: This crossbreed combines the speed and agility of a Greyhound with the smaller size and gentle nature of a Whippet. They excel in lure coursing and make affectionate pets.

6. Afghan Hounds

Afghan Hounds are a unique and distinctive breed known for their elegant appearance and silky, flowing coats. While they are often associated with their role as show dogs, Afghan Hounds have a rich hunting heritage.

These hounds were originally bred to hunt and track game in the rugged terrain of Afghanistan. Their agile and athletic nature, combined with their exceptional sight and scent abilities, made them valuable hunting companions.

7. Norwegian Elkhound

The Norwegian Elkhound is a versatile hound breed that originated in Norway. These dogs have been used for centuries to track and hunt game, particularly moose and other large game.

Norwegian Elkhounds have a strong sense of smell and excellent tracking abilities. They are known for their endurance, agility, and fearless nature, making them well-suited for hunting in harsh Nordic conditions.


Hound dogs come in various shapes, sizes, and specialties. Whether you are looking for a sighthound known for its speed, a scenthound with exceptional tracking abilities, or a versatile hunting companion, there is a hound breed suited to your needs.

From the elegant Greyhound to the determined Bloodhound, each hound breed brings its unique set of skills and characteristics to the table. Understanding the types of hounds and their specific roles can help you choose the perfect canine companion for hunting or as a loyal family pet.

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