Traditional Vietnamese Family Values



Family holds a central position in Vietnamese culture, and traditional family values play an essential role in shaping Vietnamese society. This article explores some of the key traditional Vietnamese family values that have been passed down through generations.

1. Respect for Elders

One of the fundamental values in Vietnamese families is respect for elders. Filial piety, or reverence for parents and grandparents, is deeply ingrained in Vietnamese culture. Children are taught from a young age to obey and honor their parents, seek their guidance, and care for them in their old age.

2. Strong Sense of Filial Duty

Vietnamese families have a strong sense of filial duty, which extends beyond immediate parents and grandparents. It includes extended family members such as aunts, uncles, and older siblings. Children are expected to assist and support their relatives in times of need, ensuring the well-being of the entire family unit.

3. Emphasis on Education

Education is highly valued in Vietnamese families. Parents often prioritize their children’s education and strive to provide the best opportunities for them. Studying hard and achieving academic success is considered a significant responsibility for children, as it brings honor to the family.

4. Gender Roles and Family Hierarchy

Vietnamese families generally adhere to traditional gender roles and a hierarchical family structure. The father is seen as the head of the household and makes important decisions, while the mother takes care of the household and children. Children are expected to show obedience and deference to their parents’ authority.

5. Strong Family Bond

The concept of family unity is highly valued in Vietnamese culture. Family members maintain close relationships and provide support to one another. The extended family often gathers for important occasions and celebrations, fostering a sense of belonging and shared identity.

6. Ancestor Worship

Ancestor worship is an integral part of Vietnamese family traditions. Families have altars or shrines dedicated to their ancestors, where they offer prayers, incense, and food. This practice symbolizes respect and gratitude towards ancestors who are believed to protect and guide the family.

7. Importance of Marriage and Family

Marriage and family are highly valued in Vietnamese society. Getting married and having children are seen as essential milestones in life. Family members play a significant role in the process of finding a suitable partner, and marriage is considered a union not just between two individuals but between two families.

8. Sharing and Generosity

Vietnamese families place importance on sharing and generosity. It is common for families to support relatives who are facing financial difficulties or provide assistance to those in need. Sharing resources and helping others is seen as a way to maintain harmonious relationships within the family and the wider community.

9. Preservation of Cultural Traditions

Vietnamese families strive to preserve their cultural traditions and pass them on to future generations. Customs, rituals, and traditional practices are observed during important events and festivals. These traditions help maintain a sense of identity and strengthen family bonds.


Traditional Vietnamese family values revolve around respect, filial duty, education, and strong family bonds. These values have played a significant role in shaping Vietnamese society and continue to be cherished and passed down through generations. Understanding and appreciating these values provide valuable insights into Vietnamese culture and the importance of family in Vietnamese life.

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