How Many Power Stations are there in Singapore?


Singapore, a small island nation located in Southeast Asia, has a highly developed and efficient power generation and distribution system. The country relies on a diversified mix of energy sources to meet its electricity needs, including natural gas, coal, and solar power. In this article, we will explore the power generation landscape in Singapore and discuss the number of power stations operating in the country.

1. Overview of Singapore’s Power Generation System

Singapore’s power generation system is managed by the country’s main electricity provider, Singapore Power (SP) Group. SP Group is responsible for the transmission, distribution, and retailing of electricity in Singapore.

The power generation system in Singapore consists of a combination of thermal power plants, which primarily use natural gas and coal, and renewable energy sources such as solar power. The government of Singapore has been actively promoting the use of clean energy sources to reduce its carbon footprint and enhance sustainability.

1.1 Thermal Power Plants

Thermal power plants play a crucial role in Singapore’s power generation system. These plants utilize the combustion of fossil fuels, such as natural gas and coal, to produce steam, which drives turbines to generate electricity.

The natural gas-fired power plants in Singapore are highly efficient and help to reduce greenhouse gas emissions. The country also has a limited number of coal-fired power plants, which are gradually being phased out in favor of cleaner energy sources.

1.2 Renewable Energy Sources

Singapore is making significant strides in harnessing renewable energy sources, such as solar power. The government has set a target to increase solar deployment to at least 2 gigawatt-peak (GWp) by 2030.

Solar power is generated from photovoltaic (PV) panels installed on rooftops, building facades, and floating platforms. The solar energy generated is then converted into electricity to power homes, businesses, and industries.

2. Number of Power Stations in Singapore

As of the latest available data, there are currently a total of 23 power stations in Singapore. These power stations include both thermal power plants and solar power installations.

2.1 Thermal Power Stations

Singapore has a total of 13 thermal power stations. These stations are responsible for generating electricity through the combustion of natural gas and coal.

The natural gas-fired power stations in Singapore include the following:

  1. Seraya Power Station
  2. Tuas Power Station
  3. Sembcorp Cogen
  4. Senoko Energy
  5. Keppel Merlimau Cogen

The coal-fired power stations in Singapore include the following:

  1. Pulau Seraya Power Station
  2. Pulau Sakra Power Station

2.2 Solar Power Installations

Singapore has been actively promoting the adoption of solar power as part of its renewable energy strategy. As of now, there are a total of 10 solar power installations in Singapore.

These installations are spread across various locations, including residential buildings, commercial properties, and industrial estates. Some notable solar installations in Singapore include:

  • JTC CleanTech One Solar Photovoltaic System
  • SolarNova Phase 1 and 2
  • Tengah Solar Park
  • Singapore Sports Hub Solar Photovoltaic System

Singapore’s Fuel Sources | EMA-MOE

3. Future Plans for Power Generation in Singapore

Singapore is committed to achieving a sustainable and secure energy future. The government has set ambitious targets to increase the adoption of renewable energy sources and reduce carbon emissions.

As part of its future plans, Singapore aims to strengthen its solar power infrastructure and explore other renewable energy options such as offshore wind farms and energy storage systems. These initiatives will further diversify the country’s energy mix and reduce its reliance on fossil fuels.


FAQ 1: How does Singapore ensure a reliable power supply?

Singapore ensures a reliable power supply through a combination of measures:

  • Continuous monitoring and maintenance of power generation facilities
  • Diversification of energy sources
  • Investment in advanced technology and infrastructure
  • Collaboration with international partners for gas supply

FAQ 2: What is the capacity of Singapore’s power stations?

The total installed capacity of Singapore’s power stations is approximately 13,000 megawatts (MW). This capacity includes both thermal power plants and solar power installations.

FAQ 3: How does the government support the development of solar power in Singapore?

The government of Singapore supports the development of solar power through various incentives and initiatives:

  • Feed-in-Tariff (FiT) scheme to encourage solar energy producers
  • SolarNova program to promote solar adoption in government buildings
  • Tax incentives for companies investing in solar energy
  • Research and development grants for solar technology advancements

FAQ 4: Are there any plans to phase out coal-fired power plants in Singapore?

Yes, there are plans to gradually phase out coal-fired power plants in Singapore. The government aims to replace these plants with cleaner and more sustainable energy sources, such as natural gas and renewable energy.

FAQ 5: How does Singapore ensure energy security?

Singapore ensures energy security through a multi-pronged approach:

  • Diversification of energy sources
  • Investment in local and regional energy infrastructure
  • Collaboration with international partners for energy supply
  • Strategic stockpiling of essential energy resources

FAQ 6: Can individuals or businesses generate their own solar power in Singapore?

Yes, individuals and businesses in Singapore can generate their own solar power through the installation of solar panels. The excess energy generated can be exported to the national grid, and consumers can receive credits on their electricity bills through the Net Energy Metering Scheme.


Singapore’s power generation system is a well-developed and efficient infrastructure that ensures a reliable supply of electricity to meet the country’s needs. The combination of thermal power plants and increasing solar power installations contributes to a diversified energy mix and supports Singapore’s commitment to sustainability and reducing carbon emissions. As the country continues to invest in renewable energy sources, the power generation landscape is poised to evolve further, contributing to a greener and more sustainable future for Singapore.

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