How Many People Do Sharks Eat Each Year?


Sharks have long been a subject of fascination and fear for humans. With their powerful jaws and sharp teeth, they have gained a reputation as fearsome predators. However, the idea that sharks pose a significant threat to humans is largely a misconception. In fact, humans are much more dangerous to sharks than the other way around. In this article, we will explore the topic of shark attacks on humans and try to answer the question: How many people do sharks eat each year?

Understanding Shark Attacks

Shark attacks on humans are relatively rare. According to the International Shark Attack File (ISAF), there were 64 confirmed unprovoked shark attacks worldwide in 2019, resulting in 11 fatalities. These numbers may seem alarming, but when compared to other causes of death, they are extremely low. For example, in the United States alone, there were over 38,000 deaths caused by car accidents in the same year.

It is important to note that not all shark attacks result in fatalities. In fact, the majority of shark attacks on humans are non-fatal, with victims often surviving their encounters with the help of medical intervention.

Factors Influencing Shark Attacks

Several factors can influence the likelihood of a shark attack occurring. These include:

  • Location: Some regions, such as Australia, South Africa, and the United States, have a higher incidence of shark attacks due to factors like proximity to shark habitats and popular surfing spots.
  • Time of year: Shark attacks tend to be more common during the summer months when more people engage in water-related activities.
  • Human activity: Surfers, swimmers, and divers are more likely to encounter sharks due to their presence in the water.
  • Species of shark: Certain species of sharks, such as the great white shark and the tiger shark, are responsible for the majority of attacks on humans.
  • Provocation: Most shark attacks on humans are a result of mistaken identity or a defensive response by the shark. Provoking or harassing a shark increases the risk of an attack.

The Reality of Shark Attacks

Contrary to popular belief, sharks do not actively seek out humans as prey. They primarily feed on fish, seals, and other marine animals. Humans are not a natural part of their diet, and most shark attacks on humans are a case of mistaken identity.

Sharks have evolved over millions of years to be efficient hunters, and their senses play a crucial role in their ability to locate prey. However, their sensory systems are not perfect, and they can occasionally mistake a human for a potential food source. Once a shark realizes its mistake, it usually releases the human and swims away.

Statistics on Shark Attacks

The following statistics shed light on the reality of shark attacks:

Year Number of Confirmed Shark Attacks Number of Fatalities
2015 98 6
2016 81 4
2017 88 5
2018 66 4
2019 64 11

As the table shows, the number of shark attacks and fatalities has remained relatively stable over the past few years. While any loss of life is tragic, it is important to put these numbers into perspective and recognize that the risk of a shark attack is exceptionally low.

Conservation Efforts and Shark Protection

Despite their relatively low threat to humans, sharks face many dangers from human activities. Overfishing, habitat destruction, and the shark fin trade have led to a decline in shark populations worldwide. It is estimated that up to 100 million sharks are killed by humans each year, primarily for their fins.

Recognizing the importance of sharks in maintaining healthy marine ecosystems, conservation efforts have been implemented to protect these fascinating creatures. Measures such as shark sanctuaries, fishing regulations, and public awareness campaigns aim to reduce the negative impact of human activities on shark populations.


In conclusion, the number of people who are eaten by sharks each year is relatively low. Shark attacks on humans are rare, and most encounters are non-fatal. While the media often sensationalizes shark attacks, it is important to look at the statistics and understand that sharks are not the mindless killers they are often portrayed to be. By taking precautions and respecting their natural habitats, humans can coexist safely with these magnificent creatures.

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