# How Many Electrons are in Gold?

Gold is a precious metal that has fascinated humans for centuries. Its unique properties and beautiful appearance have made it highly valued in various fields, including jewelry, electronics, and even medicine. In this article, we will explore the atomic structure of gold and answer the question: how many electrons are in gold?

## The Atomic Structure of Gold

Gold belongs to the periodic table element with the symbol Au, derived from the Latin word “Aurum.” Its atomic number is 79, indicating the number of protons present in the nucleus of a gold atom. The atomic weight of gold is approximately 196.97 atomic mass units.

Gold is classified as a transition metal and is located in Group 11, Period 6 of the periodic table. Its electron configuration is [Xe] 4f^14 5d^10 6s^1, where [Xe] represents the electron configuration of the noble gas xenon.

## The Bohr Model of the Atom

The Bohr model provides a simplified representation of an atom’s structure, where electrons occupy specific energy levels or shells around the nucleus. According to this model, electrons occupy different shells, each with a specific maximum capacity.

In the case of gold, the first shell closest to the nucleus can hold a maximum of 2 electrons, while the second shell can hold a maximum of 8 electrons. The third shell, which is the outermost and most relevant for our discussion, can hold a maximum of 18 electrons.

## Electrons in the Third Shell of Gold

Now, let’s focus on the third shell of gold, which is the shell that determines its chemical properties and interactions with other elements. As mentioned earlier, this shell can hold a maximum of 18 electrons.

### Subshells in the Third Shell

The third shell of gold consists of three subshells: s, p, and d. Each subshell has a different shape and can accommodate a specific number of electrons.

#### The s Subshell

The s subshell can accommodate a maximum of 2 electrons. In gold, the 6s subshell is partially filled, with only 1 electron occupying it.

#### The p Subshell

The p subshell can also accommodate a maximum of 2 electrons. However, in the case of gold, the 6p subshell is completely empty, as gold does not have any electrons in this subshell.

#### The d Subshell

The d subshell can accommodate a maximum of 10 electrons. In gold, the 5d subshell is fully filled with 10 electrons.

### Total Electrons in the Third Shell

By summing up the electron occupancy of each subshell in the third shell, we find that gold has a total of 13 electrons in its third shell (1 electron in the 6s subshell and 10 electrons in the 5d subshell).

## Conclusion

In conclusion, gold has a total of 13 electrons in its third shell. Understanding the atomic structure of gold helps us comprehend its chemical behavior and why it exhibits various properties that make it so valuable. Gold’s unique electron configuration contributes to its stability and resistance to corrosion, making it an ideal material for a wide range of applications.

Rate article