Functions of Speech Communication



Speech communication is a fundamental aspect of human interaction and plays a crucial role in various aspects of our lives. It encompasses the exchange of information, ideas, opinions, emotions, and much more. This article aims to explore the different functions of speech communication and highlight their significance in our daily lives.

1. Informative Function

The informative function of speech communication refers to the transmission of knowledge, facts, and data from one person to another. This function is essential in educational settings, professional environments, and everyday conversations. It involves providing information, explaining concepts, teaching, and sharing experiences.

1.1 Education

In educational settings, speech communication serves as a primary tool for teaching and learning. Teachers use spoken language to deliver lectures, explain complex topics, engage students in discussions, and assess their understanding. Students, in turn, use speech communication to ask questions, seek clarification, and participate in classroom activities.

1.2 Professional Communication

In the professional world, effective speech communication is crucial for conveying information, instructions, and ideas. Whether it’s during meetings, presentations, or negotiations, clear and concise speech enables professionals to exchange knowledge, coordinate tasks, and collaborate effectively. It also plays a vital role in customer service, where employees need to provide information and address inquiries.

1.3 Everyday Conversations

Even in casual conversations, the informative function of speech communication is evident. People share news, discuss current events, and exchange information about various topics. Whether it’s sharing recipes, recommending books, or providing directions, speech communication serves as a means to inform and educate others.

Functions of communication in English| Oral Communication in Context – Senior High School


2. Expressive Function

The expressive function of speech communication focuses on conveying emotions, feelings, and personal experiences. It allows individuals to express themselves, share their thoughts and opinions, and connect with others on an emotional level.

2.1 Emotional Expression

Speech communication enables individuals to express a wide range of emotions, including joy, sadness, anger, fear, and surprise. Through tone of voice, intonation, and choice of words, people can effectively convey their emotional state and elicit empathy or understanding from others. This function is particularly important in therapeutic settings, where individuals express their feelings to mental health professionals.

2.2 Self-Expression

Speech communication also serves as a means for individuals to express their thoughts, ideas, beliefs, and values. It allows people to share their perspectives, engage in debates, and contribute to discussions. By expressing themselves verbally, individuals can shape their identity and establish connections with others who share similar views.

2.3 Creative Expression

Artistic forms of speech communication, such as poetry, storytelling, and public speaking, provide a platform for creative expression. They allow individuals to convey their imagination, evoke emotions in listeners, and inspire change. Through the use of metaphors, rhetorical devices, and vivid language, speakers can captivate audiences and leave a lasting impact.

3. Persuasive Function

The persuasive function of speech communication aims to influence, convince, and persuade others to adopt a particular viewpoint or take a specific course of action. It relies on effective argumentation, logical reasoning, and rhetorical techniques to sway the opinions or behaviors of individuals.

3.1 Advertising and Marketing

In the realm of advertising and marketing, speech communication plays a crucial role in persuading consumers to purchase products or services. Through persuasive techniques such as emotional appeals, celebrity endorsements, and compelling narratives, advertisers aim to influence consumer behavior and create brand loyalty.

3.2 Political Communication

Political leaders rely on persuasive speech communication to garner support, convince voters, and shape public opinion. Whether it’s through campaign speeches, debates, or public addresses, politicians use persuasive techniques to articulate their policies, ideologies, and visions for the future.

3.3 Negotiation and Conflict Resolution

In personal and professional settings, effective persuasive speech communication is essential for negotiation and conflict resolution. By presenting arguments, finding common ground, and proposing solutions, individuals can navigate disagreements and reach mutually beneficial outcomes.

4. Social Function

The social function of speech communication revolves around establishing and maintaining social relationships, fostering a sense of belonging, and adhering to social norms. It enables individuals to connect with others, build rapport, and navigate social situations effectively.

4.1 Building Relationships

Speech communication plays a vital role in initiating and developing relationships. Whether it’s through small talk, sharing personal stories, or engaging in meaningful conversations, individuals use speech to connect with others, build trust, and establish bonds.

4.2 Maintaining Social Norms

Speech communication also helps individuals adhere to social norms and navigate various social contexts. It involves using appropriate language, observing conversational etiquette, and adapting communication styles based on cultural and social expectations.

4.3 Forming Social Identities

Through speech communication, individuals develop their social identities and affiliations. The language they use, accents, dialects, and choice of words can reflect their cultural background, social group memberships, and personal preferences. This function facilitates the formation of communities and strengthens social cohesion.

5. FAQs

FAQ 1: How does speech communication contribute to personal growth?

Speech communication contributes to personal growth by enhancing self-expression, improving interpersonal skills, and fostering self-confidence. It allows individuals to articulate their thoughts and ideas effectively, understand different perspectives, and develop empathy and active listening skills.

FAQ 2: What role does nonverbal communication play in speech communication?

Nonverbal communication, such as facial expressions, body language, and gestures, complements speech communication and enhances its effectiveness. It helps convey emotions, reinforce messages, and establish rapport between individuals. Nonverbal cues also provide valuable context and cues for understanding the speaker’s intentions and attitudes.

FAQ 3: How can one improve their speech communication skills?

Improving speech communication skills can be achieved through practice, active listening, and seeking feedback. Engaging in public speaking opportunities, participating in debates or discussions, and joining communication-focused clubs can also enhance speech communication abilities. Additionally, studying and analyzing effective speakers can provide insights into various techniques and strategies.

FAQ 4: Can speech communication be hindered by cultural differences?

Yes, cultural differences can impact speech communication. Different cultures may have varying communication styles, norms, and expectations. It is crucial to be aware of and respect cultural differences to ensure effective cross-cultural communication. Learning about other cultures, being open-minded, and adapting communication styles can help overcome potential barriers.

FAQ 5: How does technology influence speech communication?

Technology has significantly impacted speech communication by providing various platforms for remote communication, such as video calls, messaging apps, and social media. It has facilitated global connectivity, expanded access to information, and transformed the way we communicate. However, it is important to maintain a balance between virtual and face-to-face interactions to preserve the richness of speech communication.

FAQ 6: Can speech communication be improved for individuals with speech disorders?

Yes, individuals with speech disorders can improve their speech communication through speech therapy, which focuses on enhancing articulation, fluency, and overall communication skills. Speech therapists employ various techniques and exercises tailored to the specific needs of individuals to help them overcome their challenges and communicate effectively.

FAQ 7: How does speech communication contribute to workplace success?

Effective speech communication is crucial for workplace success as it enables clear exchange of ideas, collaboration, and conflict resolution. It helps build positive relationships with colleagues, clients, and superiors, enhances leadership skills, and facilitates effective teamwork. Strong speech communication skills can also contribute to career advancement opportunities.


Speech communication serves multiple functions that are integral to our personal, professional, and social lives. From informative transmission of knowledge to expressive sharing of emotions, persuasive influence, and social connection, it plays a vital role in human interaction. Understanding and developing effective speech communication skills can greatly enhance our ability to connect with others, succeed in various domains, and navigate the complexities of our diverse world.

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