Countries Bordering Sweden

Geography

Sweden, officially known as the Kingdom of Sweden, is a Scandinavian country located in Northern Europe. It shares borders with several countries, both on land and through waterways. In this article, we will explore in detail the countries that border Sweden and the various aspects of these bordering regions.

1. Norway

Norway is Sweden’s western neighbor, and the two countries share a land border that stretches over 1,619 kilometers. This border runs along the Scandinavian Mountains, offering breathtaking views and opportunities for outdoor activities. The border region is an essential part of the Sami cultural heritage, with indigenous reindeer herding being a significant aspect of the area’s economy.

2. Finland

Sweden’s northeastern border is shared with Finland and is approximately 586 kilometers long. The border region is characterized by vast forests, lakes, and rivers. It is an area rich in natural beauty and popular for outdoor enthusiasts, with opportunities for hiking, fishing, and wildlife spotting. The border is marked by the Tornio River, which serves as a natural boundary between the two countries.

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3. Denmark

While Sweden and Denmark do not share a land border, they are connected by the Öresund Bridge, a remarkable engineering feat that spans the Öresund Strait. The strait separates the Swedish region of Skåne from the Danish island of Zealand. The bridge, which includes both road and railway connections, has greatly facilitated travel and trade between the two countries.

4. Estonia

Sweden shares maritime boundaries with Estonia in the Baltic Sea. The two countries are separated by the Gulf of Finland, and the distance between their closest points is around 80 kilometers. The sea route between Sweden and Estonia is popular among tourists and is served by various ferry connections.

5. Latvia

Similar to Estonia, Sweden also shares maritime boundaries with Latvia in the Baltic Sea. The distance between their closest points is approximately 390 kilometers. The sea route between Sweden and Latvia provides opportunities for both passenger and cargo transportation.

6. Lithuania

Lithuania is another country that shares maritime boundaries with Sweden in the Baltic Sea. The distance between the two countries’ closest points is around 380 kilometers. The sea route between Sweden and Lithuania contributes to trade and tourism, with ferry services connecting the two nations.

7. Poland

Sweden shares maritime boundaries with Poland in the Baltic Sea. The distance between their closest points is approximately 400 kilometers. The sea route between the two countries offers opportunities for trade, tourism, and cultural exchange.

8. Russia

Russia is one of Sweden’s largest neighboring countries, and the two share a maritime boundary in the Baltic Sea. The distance between their closest points is around 60 kilometers. The sea route between Sweden and Russia is crucial for trade and transportation, with ferry services connecting major ports.

9. Germany

Sweden shares maritime boundaries with Germany in the Baltic Sea. The distance between their closest points is approximately 360 kilometers. The sea route between Sweden and Germany is important for trade and tourism, with ferry connections available.

10. Åland Islands (Finland)

The Åland Islands, an autonomous region of Finland, are situated between Sweden and Finland. Although they are not technically considered a separate country, they have their own flag, language, and culture. The islands are connected to both Sweden and Finland through ferry connections.

11. Gotland (Sweden)

Gotland is the largest island in the Baltic Sea and is part of Sweden. Although it does not share a land or maritime border with any other country, it holds strategic importance due to its central location in the Baltic Sea. The island is a popular tourist destination and is accessible by ferry from mainland Sweden.

In conclusion, Sweden shares borders with Norway and Finland on land, while it has maritime boundaries with Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania, Poland, Russia, Germany, and the Åland Islands. The diverse landscapes and cultural aspects of these border regions add to the richness of Sweden’s geographical and historical significance.


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